BIBLIOGRAFIA GNOMONICA RINASCIMENTALE

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1500.BONETUS DE LATIS. Annuli astronomici utilitatum liber., Paris.

1506.BONETIUS, de Latis.  De Annuli atronomici utilitate. (Of the use of the astronomical rings). Paris, 1506, 1507, 1521, 1534.

1510.SYMMACHUS, Quintus Aurelius. Symmachi ...Epistolae familiares & elegantissimae nunqum alias impressae, & nouiter per Bartholomaeum Cynischum Amerinum ab inferis pene reuocatae. Que Procopius historicus grecus scribat de Symmacho a Theodorico Gottorum rege iniuste necato. In calce epistolarum nonnulli tractatus vtilissimi impressi sunt. Tractatus de mensura astrolabij. Tractatus de statu mindi. Mensura de horologio. Ad inveniendum cuiuslibet rei altitudinem. Argumentum quomodo magnitudo terrae deprahenenda sit. De gnomonica institutione & vmbrarum dissendu. Quotiens in leuca rotetur rota. (Venetijs : per Bernardinum Venetum de Vitalibus).

Dal catalogo della Biblioteca Spenceriana, di Gorge John Spencer del 1814, si desume che non esistono edizioni delle epistole di Simmaco datate al XV secolo e che questa del 1510, dovrebbe essere la prima edizione a stampa. Come si vede, il libro contiene varie epistole sull’astrolabio, sull’orologio, sulla misura e grandezza della Terra e sulla gnomonica. Qui sotto, parte del frontespizio ricavato da Spencer.

 

1512.REISCH, Gregorius.  Appenidix Matheseos in Margarita Philosophica, per virum industrium Ioannem Gruninger. Argentorati, 1512.  This addition to Reisch’s famous work includes a description of two horary quadrants.

1512.REISCH, L.  Margarita Philosophiae, Argentina, 1512.

1512.STABIUS, Joa. (1512) Horoscopium omni generaliter congruens climati.Einblattdruck,.

1514.REGIOMONTANUS Joannes (1514), De compositione meteoroscopii epistola ad Bessarionem Cardinalem. Joh. Werner, Nürnberg.

1515.SCHÖNER, Johann (1515) Horarii cylindri canones., Bamberg.

1524.APIANUS, Petrus, Liber de umbris ad horologiorum confectionem., Landshut. (1524).

1525.MÜNSTER, Sebastian (1525), Instrument der Sonnen. J. Köbel, Oppenheim.

1527.FINE, Oronce.  Quadrans Astrolabicus omnibus Europae regionibus inserviens.   (Quadrant astrolabes to serve in all Europe).                   First edition Paris, 1527.

1528.HARTMANN, Georg (1528), Holzschnitte und Kupferstiche von Sonnenuhren und Astrolabien mit Erklärungen. N.N. S. 23 Bl

1528.MÜNSTER, Sebastian (1528), Erklerung des newen Instruments der Sunnen, nach allen seinen Scheyben und Circkeln. J. Köbel, Oppenheim.

1531.FINE, Oronce.  De Solaribus Horologiis et Quadrantibus.  (Of the sundial and quadrant).   Paris, 1531. A later edition was revised and published by Oronce Fine’s son.          Paris, 1560.  The 1560 edition is the one usually referred to in horological texts,  Book I is  on  Horizontal  and  other Dials, Book II is on Ring and Cylinder Dials, Book III is on Planispheres and  Astrolabic Quadrants. Book IV is on the Universal Quadrant.  For some reason this also inludes a full page illustration of a water clock.  The Whipple Collection at Cambridge has a copy of this plate.  The work was translated by Cosimo Bartoli as:  Opere di Orontio Fineo, delfinato,  divise  in  cinque parti. (Works of Oronce Fine, in 5 parts).  Parts 4 & 5 cover sundials and quadrants.    Venice, 1587.

1531.FINE, Oronce (1531), Protomathesis: Opus varium - De solaribus horologiis & quadrantibus libri quatuor. Cauellat, Paris.

1531.MUNSTER Sebastian -“Composito Horologiorum in plano, muro, truncis, anulo concavo, cylindro et variis quadrantibus, cum signorum zodiaci et divers. horarum inscriptionibus”. Basileae, H. Petrus, 1531, in -4.  questo libro non è, come scrive De Lalande, il primo trattato di gnomonica impresso con la nuova invenzione della stampa; secondo Montucla (I, 729), Giovanni Schonero, molto prima, nel 1515, aveva fatto stampare il libro “Horarii cylindri canones”, in cui s’insegna la costruzione degli orologi solari cilindrici. Tuttavia, Panzer, che ha compilato una lista degli scritti di Munster, non include questi “Canoni”. Di Munster ricordo un’altra opera che deve essere non meno rara: “Canones ad ordinanda instrumenta planetarum eorumque epicicli”, che non è riportata nelle bibliografie generali dell’autore. Questo tiotolo l’ho trovato in un libro degli “incipit”.

1531.MÜNSTER, Sebastian (1531), Organum vranicum det Canones super novum luminarium instrumentum., Basel.

1531.REGIOMONTANUS, Johannes (1531), Architypus solarium diversarum horarum  Ephemerides. Fl.Unger, Krakau.

1532.APIANUS, Petrus.  Quadrans Apiani astronomicus et jam recens inventus et nunc primum editus; huic adjuncta sunt et alia instrumenta observatoria perinde nova ...  (Astronomical quadrants newly invented   and now published for the first time, also added other observational instruments equally new ... ). Ingolstadii 1532.

1532.FINE, Oronce.  Protomathesis: Opus varium ac scitu non minus utile quam incundum, nunc primum in lucem foeliciter emissum, impenis Gerardi Morrhe et Ioaniis Petri, Parisiis. 1532.  The dialling text of this work appeared in 1560 but Fine’s engraings were replaced by those of another artist.  Fine did all the engravings himself for the 1532 book except for the title page by Lassere.

1534.FINE, Oronce.  Quadrans Astolobicus, Paris, second edition,  1534.

1532.MUNSTER Sebastian, Horologiographia, post priorem aeditionem per Sebast. Munsterum recognita, et plurimum aucta atque locupletata, adiectis multis novis descriptionibus et figuris, in plano, concavo, convexo, erecta superficie etc., Basileae Excudebat Henricus Petrus, - 1532 , in 4°, 27 car. non num., 34 fac. num. Figure in legno. Altra edizione con 198 pagine; Seconda edizione, 1533 con un ampliamento che porta a 534 pagine.

1533.APIANUS Petrus, De utilitate trientis instrumenti astronomici novi libellus, 1533

1533.APIANUS, Petrus Instrument Buch, durch Petrum Apianum erst von new beschriben. Apian, Ingolstadt. (1533)

1533.APIANUS, Petrus, Horoscopium Apiane generale, dgnoscendis horis cuiuscumque generis aptissimum, neque id ex sole tantum sed et noctu ex luna, aliisque planetis et stellis quibusdam fixis, quo universum Rhopmanum imperium atque adeo ubiuis, gentium uti queas. P. Apian, Ingolstadt. (1533)

1533.APIANUS, Petrus. Folium populi: instrumentum hoc a Petro Apiane iam recens  in  vertum  et  in  Figuram Folii populi redactum per Radios Solis toto orbe Horas communes ostendit ex quibito Horae  ab  ortu  et occasu Solis, deinde etiam Horae Ludeorum Lectione per Virum Testamentum cogniti admodum sunt necessariae, deprehendi facillime possunti ad devers genera quadrantum.   (Poplar leaf:Instrument  particular to Peter Apianus now newly made to show communal hours by the Sun’s rays...).   Ingoldstadt,   1533.

1533.MÜNSTER, Sebastian (1533), Horologiographia. Henri. Petri, Basel.

1534.APIANUS, Petrus. Instrumentum Primi Mobilis, Norimbergae, 1534

1534.KOEBEL, Jakob (1534), Ein new erfunden Sonnenuhr durch den Schatten des Menschen., Mainz.

1535.BAERSIUS, Henricus.  De compositione et usus quadrantis.  (Of the arrangement and use of the quadrant). Louvain,1535.

1535.DRYANDER, Joannes.  Das Nocturnal oder die Nachtuhr, Franckfurt-am-Mayn, 1535.

1536.DRYANDER, Johann (1536) Novi annnuli astronomici nuper anno 29, excogitati, atque hactenus, ex cerebra ejudesm Instrumenti, in diversis scholis professione, mirum in modum, aucti, canones, atque explication succincta., Marburg.

1535.FINE, Oronce.  Tracatus principiis astronomiae: declaratio astrolabii de spherae projectione in plano et de torqueto.  (Treatise of astronomical principles: expressed in the spherical quadrant projection on planes and the torquetum).                   Basle, 1535.

1536.DRYANDER, Johann (1536) Sonnawern (Sonnenuhren) allerhandt künstlich zumachen, an die Mauern und Wende, auff eyn ebne und gleichen Platz. Christian Egenolph, Frankfurt a. M..

1537.DRYANDER, Joannes.  Annulorem trium diversi generis instrumentorum astronomicorum componendi ratio  et  uso.  [This is perhaps the same work as the next entry].  Marpurgi, 1537.

1537.DRYANDER, Joannes.  Joannis Driandri Annulus vulgaris Horarius, cujus usus ad certam regionem institu-itur.  (John Dryander - common ring dial, uses and principles). Marpurgi, 1537. 1538.DRYANDER, Joannes.  Cylindri Usus et Canones.  Marburg, 1538.

1536.KOEBEL, Jakob (1536) Leyen-Compas - Ein Sonnuhr in des menschen lincken Handt.Chr. Egenolf, Frankfurt.

1536.MITHOBIUS, Burckard (1536) Annulli cum sphaerici tum mathematici usus et structura. E.Cervicornus, Marburg

1536.STÖFFLER, Johannes (1536) Von künstlicher Abmessung aller grösse, ebene oder niedere, in die lenge höhe breitze unnd tieffe mit eim Astrolabio und Quadranten oder messleiter. Egenolph, Frankfurt.

1536.ZIEGLERUS, Jacobus.  Hemicyclium Berosi.  (Hemicyclium of Berosus).     Basle 1536.

1537.MÜNSTER, Sebastian (1537) Fürmalung und künstlich Beschreibung der Horologien, nemlich wie man der Sonnenuhren mit mancherley weys und form, und auf allerley gattung entwerfen soll an die mauren, auff die nieder unnd auffgehebte ebene. Heinrich Peter, Basel. (Practical and  Artistic Description of Time Measurers).  Munster was Professor of Mathematics, Basle University.  Basle, 1537.

1538.DRYANDER, Joannes.  Das Nocturnal oder die Nachtuhr, Franckfurt-am-Mayn, 1538.

1538.DRYANDER, Joannes. De Usu instrumenti nocturnalis Horarius pro captandis horis ex stellarum inspectii. (Of the use of the nocturnal dial for determining the time and observing stars).       Marpurgi, 1538.

1539.DRYANDER, Joannes.  Sphaerae Materialis sive Globi Coelestis, Marburg, 1539.

1543.DRYANDER, Joannes.  Cylindri Usus et Canones.  Marburg, 1543.

1539.N.N. (1539) Ein wohlgegründs kunstreich Summari Büchlin aller Sonnen Uhr/ auffacht oder viereckete Stöcklin/ in Büchsen/ Cylinder und auf guldne ring/ auch auf glas/ alle mauren/ schreg oder unschreg zu machen. Heinrich Vogtherr, Straßburg.

1539.VOGTHERR, Georg (1539) Herstellung von Sonnenuhren: “Ein wohlgegründtes kunstreichs summarii buchlein aller Sonnen Uur uff acht oder vier eckette Stecklin inn buchsen, Zylinder und uff gukdine ring, auch uf glass, alle mauren Schreg oder unschreg zu machen, auch wie man alle schrege und auschlag der grad finden solle. H.  Vogtherr, Straßburg.

1541.APIANUS, Petrus Instrumentum sinuum seu primi mobiliis nuper. Petreius, Norimbergae.

1540.APIANUS, Petrus.  Astronomicum Caesareum.  (Caesar's Astronomy).   Ingolstadii 1540.

1543.DRYANDER, Joannes.  Joannes Dryander de Horologium solarium varia compositione. Marpurgi, 1543.

1543.DRYANDER, Joannes.  Sonnawern allerhandt kùnstlich zu machen.  An die Maurn und wende.   Auff eyn ebne   und gleichen Platz.  An die Seitten eyns vieecketen und wùrffelechten Klotz.      (Making all kinds of kinds of sundials by ingenious methods on walls and pillars ... on cubic blocks).      Marpurgi, 1543.

1543.FINE, Oronce.  Les Canons & Documens tres amples, touchant l’usaige & practique des communs Almanachz, que l’on Nomme Eupherimides.  Briefue & isagogique introduction, sur  la  iudiciare  Astrologie:  pour  scauoir prognostique les choses aduenir, par le moyen desdictes Eupherimides.  Le tout nouuellement  &   tres clerement redige en langaige Francois.  (Very full Rules and Documents, touching the Use and Practice of the common Almanachs, called Empherides.  Brief and isagogic introduction, on judicial Astrology: in order to know how to prognosticate the things to come to pass, by the means of the same Ephemerides.  The whole newly and very clearly drafted in the French language).          Paris, 1543.

 1544.ANONYMOUS. Ein Wolbegrunds Kunstreichs Summarr Buchlin aller Sonnen Ohr auff acht oder vier ecete stecklin in Bõchsen Cylinder, und auff Guldring, auch auff glass, alle maien Schreg oder schreg  zumachen. (A well founded ingenious summary book for all sundials ...).  Gothic typeface.       Strassburg, 1544.

1544.DRYANDER, Joannes.  The previous title was added to and published separately.        Strassburg, 1544.

1544.FROELICH, J.  Ein wolgegrùnds Kunstreichs Summari Bùchlein aller Sonner Uhr.       (A well established ingenious summary book of all sundials).  Strasbourg, 1544.

1544.FROLICH, Jacob.  Herstellung von Sonnenuhren, Strassburg, 1544.  (Frolich was the printer).

1544.REGIOMONTANUS, Joannes.  Del Torqueto, Astrolabio Armillari, Regula, Magna Ptolemaica, Baculoque Astronomico, N P, 1544.

1544.REGIOMONTANUS, Joannes.  Pseudonym for Johann Müller. Scripta Joannis Regiomontani de torqueto, astrolabio armallari, regula magna Ptolemaica, baculoque Astronomico et observationibus Cometarum.   (Johann Regiomontanus' writings on the torquetum, the armillary astrolabe, the great Ptolemaic rules, the astronomical staff and observations on comets).    Norimbergae 1544.  Regiomontanus was the Archbishop of Ratisbon, German mathematician and an astronomer.  He was born in  Könisberg in 1436, studied in Italy, and in 1461 travelled with Cardinal Bessarion to Italy to  study  the Greek language.  In 1471 he settled in Nuremberg where he found a patron, Bernard Walther.  These  two worked on clarifying the Alfonsine Tables, from which Ephemerides 1475-1506 resulted,  and  which Columbus made much use of in his voyages.  Regiomontanus was summoned to Rome in 1464 by Pope  Sixtus to help in the reform of the calendar, whilst engaged on this task he died in Rome in 1476,  still  a  young man.  It is not known if he died of a fever or if he was poisoned.

1545.BIONDO Michelangelo, Tabulae... Con l’esposition delle hore del Palladio..., 1545

1546.BUCKLEY, William.  Descriptio et usus annuli horarii. (Description and use of the ring dial).  This is       a manuscript MS. Royal 12 A xxv from King's College, Cambridge, dated March 1546.   The ring dial was   made at the behest of Princess Elizabeth, to whom the manuscript is dedicated.  The ring dial has not  been preserved.    1546.   Buckley (1519-1571) was born and lived at Lilleshall, Shropshire.  He was educated at Eton and  later   King's College, Cambridge (1537-1545), becoming a Fellow of the College.   Whilst at Court he was requested to make the ring dial by the then Princess Elizabeth.  There is an astronomical  quadrant  in   the British Museum engraved with the initials W.B. which may be Buckley's initials, although the instrument was designed by Sir John Cheke in 1551 for the young king.  [Edward VI, acceded to the throne 1547 on Henry VIII's death, died 1553;  five years later Elizabeth became Queen].       

1546.DRYANDER, Johann (1546) Ausslegung und gebrauch des Astronomischen Auhrrings, ettwan durch Johan Eychman genannt Dryander. A. Colb, Marburg.

1546.MAUROLYCUS, Franciscus.  Opuscula Mathematica, Venice, 1575.

1546.MAUROLYCUS, Franciscus.  Quadranti Fabrica et ejus Usus, Venice, 1546.

1547.GEMMA (Frisius), Rainer (1574) Usus annulli astronomici. A. Birckmanns Erben, Köln.

1530.GEMMA (Reinerus) Frisius.  De principis astronomiae et cosmographiae deque usu globi cosmographici ab eodem editi.  De orbis divisione, et insulis, rebusque nuper inventis ..., Antwerp, 1530.

1548.GEMMA (Frisius), Rainer (1548) De usu annuli astronomici., Antwerpen.

1549.HELT, Hugo.  Declaracion y Uso del Relox Espanol, Salamanca, 1549.

1550 (?) DRYANDER, Joannes. Ein Wolgegrùnds Kunstreiche summari Bùchlein/ aller Sonnenuhrem ... (A basic ingenious summary booklet of all sundials).  n.d.

1550.DRYANDER, Joannes.  Brevis et Exquissita Quadrantis Instrumenti Geometrici et Horarii Explicatio, Marburg, 1550.

1550.ENGELHARDT, Valentin.  Valentini Engelhardti liber de compositione et usu  quadrantis  astronomici  et geometrici.  (Valentin Engelhardt’s book of the arrangement and use of the astronomical quadrant ...). Wittemberg, 1550.

1550.MUENSTER, Sebastian (1550) Typus universalis horologiorum muralium, quadruplices complectens horas, inaequales, aequales, Bohemicas et Italicas. Sebastianum Munsterum, o.O..

1550.ROJAS, Johannes de.  Commentariorium in Astrolobium quod Planisphaerium Vocant.    (Commentary on the  Planispheric Astrolabe).  Also known as Roias.    First edition, 1550.

1550.TAISNIER, Joannes.  De Annuli Sphaerici Fabrica et Usu, Antwerp, 1560. TAISNIER, Joannes.  De Usu Annuli Sphaerici, Panormi 1550

1551.APIANUS, Petrus.  Cosmographia.  (Cosmography). Paris, 1551.

1551.FINE, Oronce.  De Mundi Sphaerae, siue Cosmographia, Libri V, ab ipso authore denuo castigati ... ...  (Of the World Globe, followed by Cosmography, Book V, ...)               Paris, 1551;  Lutetioe, 1555.

1551.HACI, Matías.  Compositio horologii annulario; tractatus annuli mobilis; de usu annuli; horarii digitalis tractatus; tractatus de directionibus.      (System of the circular dial, tract on the portable      circle; of the use of the circle; tract of the finger dial; ... ).               Madrid 1551.   Matías Haci was a doctor and mathematician of German origin.  He dedicated the work to King Philip II  and his manuscript of 58 folios is now preserved in the library of El Escorial.

1551.MÜNSTER, Sebastian (1551) Rudimenta Mathematica: Haec in duos digeruntur libros, quorum prior Geometriae tradit principia seu prima elementa, una cum rerum et variarum figuram dimensionibus -Posterior vero omnigenum Horologiorum docet de lineationes. H. Peter Durck:J. Kündig, Basel. (Rudimentary mathematics: ... delineation of all kinds of sundials taught).  A much-quoted work.     Basle, 1551, 1561.

1551.N.N. (Dryander?) (1551) (Astronomia Teutsch. Chr. Egenolff, Frankfurt.

1551.REGIOMONTANUS, Johannes.  De Triangulis Planis et Sphaericis Libri quinque, una cum tabulis sinuum ... Quam multiplicem usum haec triangulorum doctrina ,,, et ad intelligendos fontes ejus disciplinae, quae extructa est a Ptolomaeo et Copernico de Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium ... Edita in gratiam Matheseos studiorum per Danielem Santbech Noviomagnum, per Henrici Petri, et Petrum Pernam, Basileae, 1551. This work was edited by Santbech, who added a volume of practical applications - sundial illustrations pp 125-164.  This work may be found bound with Santbech’s treatise - Problematum Astronomicorum ..,, see Santbech entry.

1552.HOLYNSHED, Ottuel.  Description and Use of a Ring Dial.    A manuscript, MS. 17 A xxxii, addressed to  King Edward VI.  The dial used as example in the manuscript is of earlier date.           circa 1552.

1553.BEAUSARD, P.  Annuli Astronomici, Antwerp, 1553.

1553.FINE, Oronce.     De Duodecim caei domicilis & horis inaequalibus ...,  una cum, ipsarum domorum atque inaequalium horarum instrumentum ad  latitudinem  Parisiensem  hactenus  ignota ratione delineato.  (Of the engraved twelve part domestic & unequal hours ...  together with, ... ), apud Michael Vascosanum.  Lutetiae 1553

1554.BENEDETTI, Giovanni Battista, De Gnomonum umbrarumque solarium usu Liber, Augustae Taurinorum. Apud haeredes Nicolai Bevilaquae, 1554; - In fol., 6 Car. non num. 123 car. num., con fig. in legno.

1555.TSS (1555) Holzschnitt eines Sonnenquadranten “TSS 1555”.,.

1556.BOISSIERE DAULPHINOYS, Claude de, La Propriete et usage des Quadrans Nouvellement exposée, Paris, 1556.

1556.CONRAD, J.  De Horologiis Sciotericis, quotquot in aliquo plano describi aut adificiorum auta tumcorum describi commode possunt, facilis et succincta, ratio, quales hactenus nunquam edita.  (Shadow clocks, of any kind in any plane either on a building orelsewhere described fully, simple and concise calculations: for any kind up to now, new edition).  [No details of previous edition].     Noribergae, 1556.

1556.DE BOISSIERE DAULPHINOYS C., La Propriété et usage des Quadrans, nouvellement exposée, Paris, 1556 (riedita nel 1567)

1556.GEMMA FRISIUS.  De Astrolabo Catholico, Antwerp, 1556.

1556.GEMMA FRISIUS.  Les Principes d’Astronomie et Cosmographie, Paris, 1556.

1556.ULMER, Johann Conrad (1556) De horologiis sciotericis, quorquot in aliquo plano aut aedificiorum aut truncorum describi possunt, facilis et succincta ratio. Joh. Montanus u. U. Neuber, Norimbergae.

1557. Annuli Astronomici, instrumenti cum certissimi, tum comodissimi usus, ex variis authoribus, Petro  Beausardo, Gemma Frisio, Ioanne Dryandro, Boneto Hebraeo, Burchado Mythobio, Orontio  Finaeo,  una  cum   Meteorscopio per Ioannem Regiomontanuum, et Annulo non universali. M.T. Authore.  Lutetiae 1557.

1557.ANONYMOUS. Annuli astronomici, Instrumenti cum certissimo, tum commodissimi, Vses, ex  variis  authoribus, Petro Beausardo, Gemma Frisio, Joane Dryandro, Boneto Hebraeo, Burchado Mythobia, Orontio Fine ... (Astronomical rings, instruments of precision, also convenient, Uses, from various authors). 1557.

1557.BOISSIERE, Claude de.  La Propriete et Usage des Quadrans, Paris, 1557.

1557.DEE, John.   De Annuli Astronomici Multiplici usu.  (Of the many uses of the Astronomical Ring).  One  of the many manuscripts written on the use of the astronomer's or ring dial which was then enjoying a  great degree of popularity.   Circa 1557.   

1557.M, T.  Annuli Astronomici, instrumenti cum certissimi, tum comodissimi, usus, ex variis authoribus, Petro Beausardo, Gemma Frisio, Ioanne Drydandro, Boneto Hebraeo, Burchado Mythobio, Orontio Finaeo una cum Meteoroscopio per Ionnes Regiomonatanuum, et Annulo non universali.  M T Authore.  Aoud Gulielmum Cavellat, Lutetiae, 1557.  A collection of texts by various authors, the list of illustrious names reading like a ‘Who’s Who’ of early dialling.

1557.VIMERCATO G.B., Dialogo della descrittione theorica et pratica degli horologi solari..., 1557  VIMERCATO, Giovanni Battista (1565) Dialogo della descritione teorica et pratica de gli horologi solari, nella prima parte del quale si dimostrano le vere Ragioni di fabricare gli horologi solari a qualunque altezza di polo si voglia con l’Hore communi et peregrine, civé l’ astromiche del mezo giorno, le italiane dal tramontar del sole et l’Antiche dette planitarie, co i segni celesti et Mesi dell’Anno, per ragione speculativa et del compasso.  Valente Panizza, Ferrara.

1558. ANNULI ASTRONOMICI.  Ex Variis Authoribus: Petro Beausardo, Gemma Frisio, Joanne Dryandro, Boneto Hebraeo, Burchardo Mythobio, Orontio Finaeo, ...  Joanne Regiomontano, Paris, 1558.

1558.TM, Annuli astronomici...Paris, 1558, pp. 159

1559.ENGELHARDT, Valentin. Quadrans planisphaerii noblissimum instrumentum.  (Planispheric quadrants, noble  instruments).                   Wittemberg, 1559.

1560.FINE, Oronce, De Solaribus Horologii et Quadrantibus Libri Quatuor. xv + 223 pages, 53 line diagrams.  Cavellat, Paris, First Edition 1560.  Vellum covers.  22-5 x 17-5 cm.  This book on the construction of sundials and astrolabes is part of the larger work Protomathesis published in Paris, 1532. Oronce Finé was an excellent artist who designed the chapter initial letters, but in this edition, another artist has redrawn the original illustrations.  Oronce Finé (1494-1555) was First Professor to the King of France and Illustrator of Mathematics.  Latin text.

1560.PADOVANI, Giovanni.  Opera nuova tradotta di latino in volgare, la qual dichiara l'uso del maraviglioso  istromento astronomico da lui intitolat horoscopio.  Con molti e molto utili, e belli secretidi astrologia, nuovamente da lui trovatie poste in luce.  (Work newly translated from vulgar Latin, the which to  explain the marvellous astronomical instrument entitled horoscope.  With many varied uses, and a beautiful secret of astrology, newly discovered, and clearly explained).   This is a work of forty-two pages containing a brief description of a sundial and nocturnal combined into one instrument for astronomical and astrological purposes. Verona 1560.

1561.BULLANT J., Recueil d’Horlogiographie, Paris, 1561. It is usual to find Bullant's two works bound in     one volume.  In his prefaces Bullant states that his works are intended for  constructors  of sundials,    hence it is a mainly practical approach intended for craftsmen, written in a vernacular style.  Bullant   states he bases his treatise on those of Sebastian Munster and Oronce Fine, qv, and on his own  experi  ence as an architect.  At the time such extramural activities fell within the province of an architect.  His book was one of the first to deal with the generalities of dialling, previously written manuscripts  had been the only means of recording information for those interested, and this practice continued  for  a long period, those entering the field of study making handwritten copies for their own use.

1561.SCHONER, Andreas.  Gnomonikh Mhkanikh.  Ein Kurtzer und Grundlicher bericht Leichtlich und Kuntslich aller Art Sonnenuhren zu Machen, Nuremburg, 1561.  

1562.BULLANT J., Petit Traicté de Géometrie et d’Horlogiographie pratique, Paris, 1562

1562.COMMANDINO, Federico.  Ptolomaei, Liber de Analemmate, a Federico Commandino Urbinate instauratus, et commentariis illustratus, qui nunc primum eius opera e tenebris in lucem, prodit.  Eiusdem Federici Commandini liber de Horologiorum descriptione, apud Paulum Manutium Aldi F, Romae, 1562.  A translation from the Latin of the treatise of Ptolemy, dealing with the application of the analemma (a geometrical construction and not the analemmatic dial of today) to sundials.  Ptolemy’s treatment is obscure and Commandino clarifies this.

1562.PTOLOMAEUS, Claudius.  Liber de Analemmate, Rome 1562.

1562.SCHÖNER, Andreas (1562) Ein kurtzer und gründtlicher bericht, leichtlich und künstlich aller art Sonnenuhren zu machen. Joh. Montanus u.  U. Neuber, Nürnberg.

1562.SCHÖNER, Andreas (1562) Gnomonice, hoc est: De Descriptionibus Horologiorum Sciotericorum omnis Generis, Proiectionibus Circulorum spaericorum as Superficies, cum planas, tum conuexas, concuasque, spaericas, cylindricas, ac conisunt eiusdem Autoris: Gnomomices mechanices, seu de designadis per Instrumenta Horologiis Libellus- De Inuentione Lineae Meridianae, ac Instrumenti ad hoc necessarii Compositione- De Compositione Astrolabii plani et columnaris, Directorii Astrologici plani. J. Montanus u. U. Neuber, Nürnberg.

1562.SCHONER, Andreas.  De Compositione Astrolabi, Nuremburg, 1562.

1562.SCULTETUS, Bartholomaeus (1562) Gnomonice de Solariis, sive Doctrina practica tertiae Partis Astronomiae- Von allerley Solarien, das ist, Himmlischen Circuln und Uhren, wie man dieselben künstlich verzeichnen und repraesentiren sol. Dantiscanus, Nürnberg.

1563.ANONYMOUS. Dechiaratione delle parti del quadrant, con l'uso di quelle, et della scala altimetra. (Introduction to the Quadrant, with the use of the same, and of the Altimetric Scale). A small pamphlet of 16 pages with a general introduction to Time, followed by brief descriptions of instruments and with emphasis on the use of the horary quadrant.  The pamphlet has been scribed to Giovanni Padovani by  P. Riccardi in his bibliography of Italian mathematicians.                                    Venice 1563.

1563.ANONYMOUS. Dechiaratione delle parti del quadrante, con l’uso quelle, et della scala alitmetra, Appresso Domenico et Gio Battista Guerra, fratelli, Venetia, 1563.  This is a 16 page treatise giving a simple introduction to the use of a horary quadrant and altimetric scale for measuring heights.  Descriptions are also given of a nocturnal, quadrants, and astronomical instruments, preceded by an outline of time, arithmetic and cosmology.  Some biographers have ascribed this work to Giovanni Padovani, see Padovani entries, because of the contents and style.

1563.PADOVANI, Giovanni.   Opusculum de Usu Horoscopii, Verona, 1563.

1563.PADOVANI, Giovanni. Viridarium Mathematicorum: in qua omnia ferÍ, quae in rebus astronomicis desiderari  possunt, facillimÍ petractuntar.  Adiecta sunt etiam instrumenta nonnulla ab eo nuper excogitata quibus  brevissimÍ omnia assequuntur, quae magno labore, atque assiduis supputationibus per astronomicas tabulas ac astrolabi, aliisque instrumentis antea habebantur. [This is a general treatise on the measurement  of time, arithmetic and cosmography; to which is added descriptions of various instruments such as  the quadrant, nocturnal and various astronomical devices.   The nocturnal was evidently intended for use as  there was a silk thread inserted into the printed scale].  Venice 1563.

1564.BULLANT J., Recueil d’Horlogiographie, Paris, 1564.

1564.FULLONE A., Descrittione et uso dell’Holometro, Apud Giordano Ziletti, Venetia, 1564

1564.SCHULTETUS, Bathomolew.  Listed under Scultetus in previous list.    Winckelige-wijzer van de Sonnenvolgen, of leeeringe van de uytwerckinge des derden Deels der Sterrekunst van alderley  Sonnenvolgen.  Dat is Hemelsche circulen en Uurenlinien.  (Gnomonics or practical instructions in the three parts of astronomy ...)  A Dutch edition of the work of Scultetus.     Amsterdam 1670. There seems to be a Latin edition in 1564 published at Görlitz, and a Dutch translation in 1572.  The   work appears to have had a strange history of publication, see entry in previous listing.

1564.VINET Elie, La maniere de fere les solaires que communement on appelle quadrans, Poitiers, 1564 (riedito nel 1583 e 1607)

1566.VIMERCATO G.B., Dialogo della descrittione theorica et pratica degli horologi solari...,1566.

1567.BESSON, Jacques.  De Cosmolabe ou Instrument Universel, Paris, 1567.

1567.VIMERCATO G.B., Dialogo della descrittione theorica et pratica degli horologi solari...,1567.

1568.FORCADEL P., La description d’un anneau  horaire, Paris, 1568

1568.PEREZ DE MOYA, Juan, Fundamentos matematicos, 1568

1569.BARBARO, Daniel.  La Practica della Perspettiva, Venice, 1569. BARBARO, Daniele.  I dieci libri dell'Architettura, tradotti e commentati da Mons Daniel Barbaro eletto Patriarca d'Aquileia, da lui riveduti e ampliati; et ora in più comoda forma ridotti.    (Ninth Book of  Architecture ... [by Marcus Pollio Vitruvius], translation and commentary by M Daniel Barbaro,  elected  Patriarch of Aquilea, by him revised and enlarged, and now reduced to a more convenient form).  It  was  the discovery of the 'Vitruvius' manuscript, and the later translations and commentaries which gave the 

1569.FORCADEL, P.  La Description d’un Anneau Solaire Convex, Paris, 1569.

1570.PADOVANI, Giovanni.(1570) De compositione et usu multiformium horologiorum solarium (etc) opus nunc denuo ab ipso iillustratum et auctum - Adjecti sunt praeterea peculiares methodi ad diagnocenda stellarum loca. Franciscus Franciscius Senensem, Venetiis.

1572.SCHONER, Andreas.  Andreae Schoneri Gnomonicae Libri VII. Descriptio horologium omnis generis tractatus de inventione linae meridianae de compositione astrolobii plani et columnaris.  (Andreas Schoneri’s Book VII - Gnomonics. ...).   Also reprinted Gorlitz, 1572.  Norimbergae, 1562.

1572.SCULTETUS, Bartholomaeus.  Gnomonice de Solaris, Gorlitz, 1572.

 1572.SCULTETUS, Bartholomew.  Bartholom Sculetii - Gnomonice de Solariis, sive Doctrinea  Practica  tertiae partis astronomiae ...   (Bartholomew Scultetus’s gnomonics, followed by practical instructions in the three parts of astronomy).  Also known as Schuletus.                   Gorlitz, 1572.   

1573.PEREZ DE MOYA, Juan,  Tratado de cosas de Astronomia y Cosmographia y Philosophia Natural.  (Treatise  about Astronomy and Cosmography and Natural Philosophy).      Contains several chapters on gnomonics,  dealing with vertical and horizontal dials of all types.    Alcalá 1573. 

1574.BENEDETTI, Giovanni Battista.  De Gnomonum Umbrarum que Solarium usu, Turin, 1574.

1575.ROIZ, Pedro, Libro de Reloges Solares 1575.  This a facsimile of the first book on sundials, published in Spain by El Cuadrante in 1980.  124 pages, many line diagrams in text.  Thin card covers.  21 x 15-5 cm, cream coloured pages, Spanish text.  (Original cost 1800 pesetas).  The treatise commences with a section on mathematics, mainly geometric constructions, but progresses to give a thorough account of the art of dialling.

1575.ROIZ, Pedro.  Libro de relojes solares compuesto  por  Pedro Roiz,  Clerigo Valencian,  discipalo  del Maestro Hyronimo Munez en qual muestra hazer relojes en llano y en paredes a quèlquier viento descubeiertas lavantadas a plano o inclinados hazia tierra y otras cosas para estos necessarias.     (Book of  sundials composed by Pedro Roiz, Cleric of Valencia, disciple of the Master Hyronimus Munez, ...sundials on vertical and inclined planes ... ).                                        Valencia, 1575. his work by Roiz was produced as a facsimile reprint by El Cuadrante with details of the book  published in 1575, the first to be written on sundials in Spain, together with the life of the author.    Pontevedra, 1980.

1576.DANTI Egnatio (Pellegrino), Usus et tractatio gnomonis magni quem in Bononia ipse, in Divi Petronii templo confecit. Bologna, Giovanni Rossi, 1576. - 53x37,5 - Lucca, Bibl. Governativa, Cinq. E.97.H. -  Rarissimo foglio contenente le istruzioni relative all’impiego della meridiana, oggi non più esistente, costruita dal Danti in Bologna. Nel foglio a stampa il Danti sottolinea come lo strumento consenta un’esattissima misurazione dell’anno. La prima “osservazione” con la meridiana di S. Petronio fu fatta nel dicembre del 1576. - Si riporta da: “Firenze e la Toscana dei Medici nell’Europa del Cinquecento”, Ed. Electa. - Testo segnalatomi dal Sig. Fabrizio Vedelago di Treviso. - Poco o niente si è detto della meridiana costruita dal Danti, prima della più celebre meridiana di Cassini che la sostituì. In alcuni libri di gnomonica si legge, per esempio, che il Danti cominciò la realizzazione di questa meridiana, ma non la portò mai a termine (si veda L’Ombra e il tempo di G. Pavanello, L. Moglia, A. Trinchero, ed. Vanel, Torino, 1988, pag. 105); mentre niente di specifico si legge nel dotto articolo di D. Maccaferri, La grande meridiana di S. Petronio, in Coelum, n. 5-6, 1980, pag.117. Da ciò si evince che veramente poco conosciuto è il foglio manoscritto del Danti nel quale descrive questo grande “gnomone bolognese”. - Qualcosa di meglio, per fortuna, si legge in una pubblicazione della Cassa di Risparmio di Bologna, edita nel 1984, ove compare l’eccellente articolo di Giorgio Tabarroni La Basilica di S. Petronio in Bologna. Nella parte dedicata completamente alla grande meridiana, egli scrive :” La prima meridiana fu costruita in S. Petronio da Egnazio Danti, domenicano perugino, il quale, dopo averla progettata per S. Maria Novella a Firenza, la realizzò fra il 1575 e il 1576, cioè entro lo stesso anno in cui fu chiamato all’insegnamento pomeridiano delle matematiche nello Studio bolognese. - Di essa ci sono rimasti, oltre ad un foglio illustrativo dello stesso Danti che chiama il suo strumento “grande gnomone”, le descrizioni e gli schizzi pubblicati dal Riccioli nelle sue grandi opere  astronomiche del 1651 e del 1665 (si vedano in questa stessa bibliografia). Il Sole entrava attraverso un’apertura della parete a sud della quinta campata, che allora rappresentava il fondo della navata sinistra, apertura diaframmata da una lastra spessa poco meno di un centimetro, con un foro di circa 25 mm di diametro. - Il Riccioli verificò che tale lastra era montata con un’inclinazione di 60 gradi rispetto alla verticale, mentre il Danti l’aveva montata a 45 gradi e mezzo, in modo che fosse perpendicolare ai raggi del Sole all’equinozio e il Riccioli reputa che il nuovo assetto sia dovuto all’intervento inconsapevole di un muratore in occasione di un restauro. In quello stesso sopralluogo il Riccioli controllò, più o meno al centimetro, l’altezza del foro e la lunghezza della linea o, per meglio dire, della striscia (semita) meridiana, che dalla parete di fondo si estendeva verso “la porta settentrionale del tempio”. - La cosa più importante, comunque, fu la verifica dell’orientamento fatta con il validissimo aiuto del confratello Francesco Maria Grimaldi. Risultò così che la “striscia” meridiana declinava verso ponente rispetto alla direzione del sud di ben 9 gradi, 6 minuti d’arco e un terzo; questo fatto, però, non impediva di verificare il giorno in cui, tutt’altro che in armonia col calendario giuliano, iniziavano le varie stagioni. - Del resto il Riccioli dice che sulla striscia marmorea erano incisi i segni dello zodiaco, ma precisa anche che, a causa delle “colonne” del tempio, non potè essere tracciata la linea meridiana”.

1576.LAMBECK, H. (1576) Compendium sciotericorum, d., Hamburg.

1576.VITEKINDI, Hermann.  Conformiato Horologium sciotericorum in superficiebus planis utcumque siti.  (Establishing shadow clocks on plane surfaces however placed).   1576.

1576.WITEKIND, Hermann (1576)Conformatio horologiorum sciotericorom in superficiebus planis utcunque sitis, iacentibus, erectis, reclinatis, inclinatis & quocuncq; spectantibus, compendiaria & facilis, cum Quadrantis Horologici & Geometrici conformatione & usibus ac Tabulis sinum. Johannes Meyer, Heidelberg. This gives clear instructions for constructing 24 vertical dials, and horizontal dials, horary and geometrical quadrants.  Mottoes in Latin and German are given in a table at the end of the work.

1579.MUNSTER & SCHMID.  Der horologien oder Sonnenuhren kuntslich Beschreibung.     (Time Measurers or Sundials articitically described).  Basle, 1579.

1579.MÜNSTER, Sebastian (1579) Der Horologien, Oder Sonnen uhren, Künstliche beschreibung, wie dieselbigen nach mancherley ahrt an die Mauren, Wendte, Ebne, sie seyen Ligendt Auffgerichtet, Schreg, auch auf Ronde, Ausgehölte und sonst aller Handt Instrument, auffzureissen, Durch Sebastianum Münster - Item, ein neüw Kunstbuch, die Sonnen oder Himmelischen uhren auss Zaltafflen gantz leichtlich, jedoch grundtlich auf allerley Flechen, anzurichten: Durch Sebastianum Schmid. Henr. Petri, Basel.

1579.MUNSTER, Sebastian,  Furmalung und Kunstlich beschreibung de Horlogien, Basle, 1579.

1579.SCHMID, Sebastian.  Sonnenuhren auss Zaltafflen zumachen.  (Sundials ... ).            Nürnberg 1579. SCHMID, Sebastianus (1579) Ein neuw Kunstbuch, die Sonnenuhren auß Zahltafflen auff allerley fleche anzurichten., Basel.

1580.DARGE, L’Abbé.  Traité de gnomonique or horologiographie ... (Treatise of dialling).  Strasburg, 1580.

1581.CLAVIO Cristoforo, “Gnomonices libri octo, in quibus non solum Horologiorum solarium, sed aliarum quoque rerum quae ex Gnomonis Umbra cognosci possunt, descriptiones geometrice demonstrantur.”  Romae, apud Franciscum Zannettum, 1581. 

1581.GUIDIUBALDIE.  Planisphaeriorum Universalium Theorica, Coloniae, 1581. 1579.GUIDIUBALDIE.  Planisphaeriorum Universalium Theorica, Pisauri, 1579.

1581.RUBEUS, Theodore. D Theodosii Rubei Diarium universale pro dignoscendis horis ubique.  (Theodore Rubei  universal daily correction of all dials).  Rome, 1581.

1581.VIMERCATO G.B., Dialogo della descrittione theorica et pratica degli horologi solari...,1581.

1582.PADOVANI, Giovanni.  Ioannis Padvanii, Veronensis.  De compositione, et  usu  multiforium  Horologiorum Solarum ad omnes totius orbis Regiones, acsitus in qualibet superficie: Opus nunc denuo ab ipso multis in locis illustratum, & auctum. Venetjs, 1582.  

1582.PADOVANI, Giovanni..  Joan Paduani liber de compositione et usu horologiorum solarium ad omnes regiones. This is the second edition of the previous work with slight title change.  Venice, 1582.

1583.GEMMA, Frisius.  De Astrolabo Catholica Liber, quo latissime patentis Instrumenti multiplex Usus  explicatur, et quidquid uspiam Reru Mathematicarum tradi possit, continetur, recens in  Compendium  Opera  Martini Euerarthi Brugensis coactus ... Book of the Universal Astrolabe, where the many uses of the  instrument are clearly explained, ... ).   Antwerp, 1583. Rob. de Freuyle, Copy of a sundial, 1583 - E’ il foglio n° 1 del manoscritto Eg. 2877 “Commonplace-Book” di Gilbert Frevile, acquistato nel 1909 dalla Biblioteca Egerton. Abbaco di Tollomeo Nozzolini, manoscritto stillato da Tollomeo Nozzolini, Piovano di S. Agata del Mugello, contenente insegnamenti di geometria, gnomonica, ecc.).

1583.ORSINI Latino, Trattato del Radio Latino instrumento giustissimo...t2 pp., Roma, 1583. Prima edizione estremamente rara. Testo di Ignazio Danti

1583.PADOVANI, Giovanni.    De Horis Quibuscunque et Horara, Verona, 1583.

1584.APIANUS, Petrus & GEMMA, Frisius.  Cosmographicus Cosmographia, Antwerp, 1584. 1524.APIANUS, Petrus, Ein kunstlich Instrument / oder Sonnen ur / dadurch auch vil nützbarliche dinge gefunden werden / als dyregirenden planeten zu allen stunden / und die natur oder eygenschafft der menschen so under de auffsteigen der rij. Johann Weyssenburger, Landshut. (1524)

1584.VIMERCATO G.B., Dialogo della descrittione theorica et pratica degli horologi solari...,1584.

1585.VIMERCATO G.B., Dialogo della descrittione theorica et pratica degli horologi solari...,1585.

1586. VIMERCATO G.B., Dialogo della descrittione theorica et pratica degli horologi solari...,1586.

1586.APIANUS Petrus, Instrument buch, 1586

1586.APIANUS, Philipp.  De Utilitate Trientis Instrumenti Astronomici novi Libellus.    (New small book on  the usefulness of three astronomical instruments).  Tübingen 1586.

1586.CLAVIO Cristoforo, “Fabrica et usus instrumenti ad horologiorum descriptionem horarum a meridie et media nocte exquisitissima, et nunquam ante hac in lucem edita”. Romae, 1586.

1587.CLAVIO Cristoforo, “De re gnomonica”, Roma, 1587. (from catalogue  of manuscriptes of Slusiana Library, written from Giovanni Gualtero, 1690).

1586.PADOVANI, Giovanni.   De Tempororum Computationes et Divisione.  (Of Time Reckoning and Division). Tables of the Moon included.  Verona, 1586.

1587.FINE, Oronce.  Opere: Arimetica, Geometria, Cosmografia et Orivol, tradotte de Cosimo Bartoli, et  gli specchi tradotti a Ercole Bottrigaro ....  (Work: Arithmetic, Geometry, Cosmography  and  Horologiums;  translated by Cosimo Bartoli ... [from the Latin into Italian]; and reflections translated  by  Ercole  Bottrigaro ...).    Venice, 1587. A new edition was published Venice, 1660; another edition appeared with small changes in Venice, 1670. FINE, Oronce.  An exhibition of Oronce Fine’s work was held in the BibliothÍque Saint-Geneviéve, Paris 22 November to 22 December 1971.  This was recorded in the  catalogue  Science et Astrologie  au  XVIe Siécle - Oronce Fine et son Horloge Planétaire; together with Oronce Fine et L’Horloge  Planétaire  de la Bibliothéque Sainte Geneviéve published by Librairie Droz S.A., Geneva, 1971 to mark the return  of Oronce Fine’s astronomical clock to the BibliothÍque GeneviÍve in 1969 after an extensive restoration. By studying these, some idea of the magnitude of Fine’s lifetime efforts may be obtained, for  example at least fifty printed books alone.  The examples quoted here are but a trifle of his output.

1587.VIMERCATO G.B., Dialogo della descrittione theorica et pratica degli horologi solari...,1587.

1588.APIANUS, Philipp De cylindri utilitate., Tübingen. (1588)

1589.SANDOLINUS, Cherubinus (1589) Nova horologiorum inventio. R. Meiettus, Venedig. 1600.SANDOLINI Cherubino, Nova Horologiorum Inventio, continens instrumenta universalia, et particularia ad omnes arcus, et horas Germanicas, Boemicas, Italicas, Gallicas, et Hispanicas, diurnas atq; nocturnas dignoscendas, et ad componenda per universum orbem terrarum multiformia horologia exquisitissima. Venetiis, Rubertum Meiettum, 1600. - In fol. 171 car. num., fig. in legno. 1598.SANDOLINI Cherubino, Thaumalemma Cherubicum Catholicum, Universalia, et Particularia continens Instrumenta, ad omnes arcus, et horas Italicas, Bohemicas et Gallicas diurnas, atque nocturnas, dignoscendas, et ad componenda per universum orbem earum multiformia horologia praesertim Italica exquisitissimum. Cherubino Sandolino Vtinense Ord. Cappuccinorum Seraphici Francisci Sacerdote inventore, Catagnomonicum Iulio Antonio Sanctorio S.R.E. Card. Ampliss. dicatum. Venetiis, 1598, apud Rubertum Meiettum. In fol. 171 car. num. con figure.

1590.CAPILUPI Giulio, Fabrica et Uso di alcuni Stromenti Horarii Universali, Roma, per gli heredi di Giovan Giliotti, 1590, in 4°- 2 car. non num., 42 fac. num. con figure sul rame.

1590.GALLUCCI, Giovanni Paolo.  Della fabrica et uso di un novo Stromento fatto in quattro maniere per  fare      gli horologi solari ad ogni latitudine.  (On the making and use of a new  instrument  acting  in  four ways as the sundial for any latitude).  Appears to be the same as the previous entry.    Venice, 1590. This work is in two small tracts, the first describing a dialling instrument modelled on Clavius but simplified, the second describes a sun, moon, and star dial.  It is also of interest as an early reference to the anchor escapement clock

1590.MAESTLIN, Michael (1590) Horologiorum solarium informatio., Tübingen.

1590.SANTUCCI, Giovanni.  Pratica per fare Horiuoli a sole.  (Practice of making Sundials).  This is a manuscript, written on paper 191 x 136 mm, of 43 folios with 27 designs.  The author is named on the  verso of the upper cover, and the manuscript appears to have been prepared for publication.   It is a general  treatise of horizontal and vertical dials for placing on any plane.  Giovanni Santucci was the  brother  of the famous cosmographer Antonio Santucci, whose complex armillary sphere made for  Ferdinand  Medici  is now in the Museum of the History of Science in Florence.         Unpublished manuscript, circa 1590.

1592.GALLUCCI Giovanni Paolo, De fabrica novi horologi solaris, Lunaris et Sideralis etc. Giottane, Venezia, 1592 (ne esiste un’edizione anche in volgare per Percenio, Venezia, 1590). 1590.GALLUCCI, Giovanni Paolo (1590) Uso del Novo Horologio Universale ad Ogni Latitudine, col VL[ quuale si veggone le Hore col Sole, con la Luna, &con le Stelle dal lenare, e tramontare del Sole, dal Mezo Giorno, e dalla Mezza Notte, et molto altre Cose Astrologiche pertinenti alla Cognitione del Sito die questo Mondo, et al Navigare. quuale si veggone le Hore col Sole, con la Luna, &con le G. Percachino, Venetia.

1592.GALLUCCI Giovanni Paolo, De fabrica, et usu cuiusdam Instrumenti ad omnia horarum genera describenda, ad omnem latitudine peropportuni, quod diversis rationibus describitur, et quo modo pro Horologio uti possimus, traditur, Tractatus in dua Partes distributus, nunc primum latinè conscriptus, et in lucem editus. Venetiis, apud J.B. Ciottum, Senensem, 1592. In 4°, 62 fac. num. con figure in legno.

1592.METIUS, Adrian. Adriani Metii doctrinae sphaericae ... Sciaterica.  (Instructions on the Spheres ...Shadow clocks).                   First edition Frankfurt, 1592.  Second edition Frankfurt, 1598;  with additions 1614,  Franecker, 1624;  and finally  Amsterdam, 1633.

1592.PADOVANI, Giovanni.   Dichiaratione et Uso dell Horoscopio, Verona, 1592.

1592.SANTUCCI  A., Trattato sopra la nuova inventione della sfera armillare, manoscritto F.VII6 della Biblioteca dell’Università di Genova, anno 1592

1593.CLAVIO Cristoforo,“Fabrica et usus instrumenti ad horologiorum descriptionem horarum a meridie et media nocte exquisitissima, et nunquam ante hac in lucem edita”. Romae, 1593

1594.HULSIUS, Lewin (1594) Theoria et Praxis Quadrantis Geometrici &c -Das ist/ Beschreibunf/Vnterricht und Gebrauch//des gevierdten Geometrischen vnd anderer Instrument. Gerlach, Nürnberg.

1595.BEAUSARD, P. (1595) Annuli astronomici instrumenti cum certissimi tum commodissimi usus., Duisburg.  

1595.HELMREICH, Andreas von Eissfeldt.  Rechenbuch ... uhnd wie man die Funff Horologia, Leipzig, 1595.

1596.GALLUCCI, Giovanni Paolo.  Nove fabricandi horaria mobilia, et permanentia, tam acu magnetico, quam sine acu, ad omnen latitudine, ratio nuper excogitata; et nunc primum in lucem edita, apud Bernardum Basam, Venetiis, 1596. 

1597.ACOSTA, J. de Usus instrumenti cylindri dicti, una cum tabulis astronomicis., Köln. (1597)

1597.HULSIUS, Levinus (1597) Descriptio Viatorii et compassi sive Horolgii solaris., Nürnberg. Hulsius, Levinus (1597)Descriptio et usus viatorii et horologii solaris, oder Vorstellung eines Wegweisers und Sonnen-Compasses, mit welchem man von einem jeden, auch unbekandten Orth, ohne fragen oder merckliche Irrung durch gantz Teutschland, Italien und umliegende Länder, bey Tag und Nach reisen kan., Nürnberg.  

1597.OUGHTRED, William.  Horologiographia Geometrica: an Easy Way of Delineating Sundials by Geometry.   A   manuscript prepared by William Oughtred whilst still at University. Many interested in mathematics in  those days amused themselves by calculating dial constructions.  This paper was not published by  the  author until it was included in the first English edition of Clavis Mathematica  (Key to Mathematics)  half a century later although the manuscript had been previously circulated in the colleges at Oxford   where Christopher Wren translated it into Latin in 1647.  A further work on the construction of  sundials written by William Oughtred in 1600 was not published until 1632.                  Oxford 1597.

1598.BULLANT J., Recueil d’Horlogiographie, Paris, 1598

1598.DE ROJAS Cristobal, De la fabrica de reloxes de sol, Luis Sanchez, Madrid, 1598

1598.GALLUCCI Giovanni Paolo, Della fabrica et uso di diversi stromenti di Astronomia et cosmografia, ove si vede la somma della Teorica, et Pratica di queste due nobilissime scienze. Venetia, R. Meietti, 1598 - 228 car. num. con figure in legno, di cui 3 con parti mobili.

1598.HOOD, Thomas.  The Making and Use of the Geometricall Instrument called a Sector, London, 1598.

1598.LEEMAN, Burckhard.  Sonnenuhren Zureissen nach Mancherley Arc, Zurich, 1589.

1598.PINI, Valentino.  Fabrica de gl’orologi solari, nella quale si trattano non solo instrumenti per disegnare horologi sopra ogni superficie di muro, ma anco si danno regole per fabricare altri horologi portatili, cosi per servitio del giorno come della notte, apresso Marco Guarisco, Venetia, 1598.

1599.BULLANT, Jehan.  Géométrie et horlogiographie practique. (Geometry and practical dialling). First edition  Paris, 1599.

1599.CLAVIO Cristoforo, “Fabrica et usus instrumenti ad horologiorum descriptionem horarum a meridie et media nocte exquisitissima, et nunquam ante hac in lucem edita”. Romae, 1599. 1599.CLAVIO Cristoforo, “Horologiorum nova descriptio”, Romae, apud Aloysium Zanettum,1599.

1599.FALE, Thomas.  Horologiographia.  The Art of Dialling: teaching an easie and perfect way to  make  all kinds of Dials vpon any plat howsoeuer placed.  With the drawing of the twelve Signes, and hours vnequall in them all.  Whereunto is annexed other Dials and Instruments, whereby the houre of the day  and night is knowne:  ...   First edition London, 1593;  2nd edition, 1599;  3rd 1626;  4th edition, 1652. The first dialling work available in the English language, woodcut figures by Jacobus Hondius.

1599.REISCH, L.  Margarita Philosophiae, Venice, 1599.

1599.RITTER, M Franciscus.  Francisci Ritter instructio experimentalis quandrantibus novi.  (Francisci Ritter’s construction for a new quadrant).    First edition Nùrnberg, 1599;  2nd edition, 1611;  3rd Nùrnberg, 1616.

BLAGRAVE, John.  The Art of Dyalling in two parts.     


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